West Bengal Panchayats in the perspective of democratic-decentralization
Dr. Manas Mukul Bandyopadhyay
The panchayati-raj in Bengal stands on the philosophy of democratic-decentralization. Every democratic-system adopts positive steps to satisfy the primary necessities of the people. Pride and responsibility in them are increasingly developed, while local decisions are being adopted locally in an autonomous way. The self-rule and participatory democracy were not completely actualized in Bengal till 1977-78. Since 1978 the panchayat bodies got a new lease of life. Earlier the left-front controlled both the state & local-governments for a long-time. The elected panchayat leaders had overshadowed the bureaucrats in practice ending ‘rock-departmentalism’. The earlier Left Ruler brought about several changes in PRIs according to a definite ideology. Of Course, it must be admitted that there are serious problems and mishandling in the panchayati raj system of West Bengal at different levels. A vital point to be noted here is that it is doubtful whether a party in power based on democratic centralism can permit space for democratic decentralization at all the tiers of panchayat. Perhaps the conflicting relationship between democratic centralism & democratic decentralization might be a reason that the panchayats had been reduced to mere developmental agencies instead of developing as autonomous local self-governments in practice.
Towards inclusive participatory irrigation management in Tamil Nadu: paradigms, predicaments and path ahead
Dr. K. Gulam Dasthagir
In the backdrop of reorientation of Irrigation development policy to institutionalize of PIM in the major and medium irrigation systems, this article critically examines the implications and issues in crafting inclusive PIM with the implementation of Tamil Nadu Farmer Management of Irrigation Systems act since 2004. This article articulates that institutionalization of PIM by the global funding agency through the Government bureaucracy has largely been instrumental in legalizing user participation after the global model of WUAs with record based-membership, structured participation, obligatory contributions and democratic representation. Contradictorily, the implementation of this externally induced blueprint design resulted in Notional Representation, Passive Participation and hydrological organization of user participation in Tamil Nadu. Consequently, there is a hiatus between the desirability vs. the design of PIM in Tamil Nadu. Based on these findings, this article recommends Gender Mainstreaming, Positive discrimination, social survey and Training of farmers, as strategies for building inclusive PIM.
Worst scenario of population in Tindharia region (Darjeeling) and some management approaches (case study 2016)
Darjeeling hills are famous for her natural beauty and also of natural disasters (especially landslide). Tindharia is one of the region of active landslide which day by day affecting the population and its settlement tremendously. The main aim and objective of this study is to look into those problems of the people and support them with some management approaches. A survey was conducted to gathered information (both from physical and socio-economic aspect) which helps to draw out both qualitative and quantitative results of that region. The study mainly depicts; the worst scenario of population, how it is changing and how both physical and social conditions shaping the settlement, also both scientific and theoretical works of many authors incorporated in this paper which will help a research community for further analysis.
A geomorphological study on regular flood of lower Shilabati river basin and its impact on the arable land
Shovon kumar pal
One of the most prominent features of human settlement is man’s affinity for riverside location. Throughout history man has been attracted to the land adjacent to rivers for high fertility of the land due to alluvial deposition by flood. Flood also brings destruction of properties and lives for people who live near the river. In spite of this today a very considerable proportion of the world population lives in such areas. Ghatal is an old and prosperous subdivision of the Paschim Medinipur district. It reside one large river of the district-Shilabati and most flood prone area. Almost every year the Shilabati causes flooding, particularly in Banka, Manik Kundu, Jharul, Kaskuli, Gadghat, Bagpata, Haldar Bar, Mansatalar Chatal, Khirpai, Patna, Barada, Ranir Bajar, Jadupur, Dalpatipur, Kharar, Baropol, Palpukur, Khasbar, Mansuko, Ghatal, Kushpata, Daspur and Bandar area. This paper is trying to present the geomorphological causes of regular flood and its effects on the arable land. Impact of flood in economy of the Ghatal town and its surrounding villages. The collected data and information through primary and secondary sources will be processed, analyzed systematically to provide sustainable strategies for mitigation of flood and to use the river for human welfare. River is the most dynamic earth surface sculptor. The Shilabati River (also known as Silai) is an important footplateau-fed plain land river, which is a right tributary of the river Dwarakeswar in the western part of West Bengal. The footplateau -fed rivers on the alluvial settings display a great variety of diversity in terms of morphology and fluvial characteristics. The regular flood exhibited that the process of flooding is yet not fully understood by the resident, planners and disaster management authority both at district and state level. Since the central policy on flood control is now shifting from controlling to managing floods, and now to living with floods. However, a lot of investment has been made on structural measures to control the floods in the basin. Non-structural measures to control the flood have not been initiated in the region as yet. Frequent embankments indicate that the geomorphologic factors have not been taken into the consideration in managing floods.
Socio-economic impact of Gazaldoba Teesta multiple river valley project
The Teesta Barrage Project that had been conceived way back in 1975-76 had a grand plan for revival of the agricultural economy of six North Bengal districts - Cooch Behar, Jalpaiguri, Darjeeling, North Dinajpur, South Dinajpur and Malda - which did not have any industrial base. More than 35 years down the line, it remains far from complete, even though the needs may have changed and there is little chance that that the entire project, as originally conceived, would ever be executed. Though the original plan was to construct the project in three different phases and divide the first phase into three different stages.Of these three stages, the first one was divided into two sub-stages. But, after more than three decades, construction is still going on for the first sub-stage of stage I. At the completion of the entire project, the original plan was to bring under irrigation 922,000 hectares and at the completion of the first sub-stage of Stage-I, 342,000 hectares was supposed to get irrigation water. This paper is attempted to study the socio-economic impact of Teesta Barrage Project.